Elements of a Curling Shot
Curling Play Surface
The rectangular ice that serves as the playing surface is known as a curling sheet. Unlike hockey ice, the ice is flat and sprayed with warm water droplets. When the drops freeze, they create pebble. Pebbling produced small bumps on the ice that allow the running edge of the stone to slide down the ice. Sweepers use brooms to reduce the friction between the ice and stone surface which allows the stone to travel farther and straighter.
At the end of each sheet are concentric circles that form the house. Sheets are set up for play in both directions. The “hack” or foothold is fixed behind each house and is the location from which a player delivers their stone.
Determining the score is relatively simple. Only one team scores per end. A single point is scored for every stone closer to the middle of the house than the opponents stones. For a stone to be eligible for scoring, it must be touching the house. The team that scores delivers the first stone in the following end and gives their opponent the advantage of last stone, known as the hammer.
Blank End: When no points are gained by either team during an end
Burned Stone: Stone that has been touched by a broom or other piece of equipment. Removed from play during competitive competitions
Bonspiel: A curling competition
Curl: The curved path a stone follows as it glides down the ice
Free Guard Zone: The rule that stones between the hog and front of the house cannot be removed from play until the fifth overall shot of the game
Hammer: Advantage of delivery the last stone of the end
Sweeping: Moving a broom back and forth in front of a moving stone to clean the ice surface